Sugarcane is classified in the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, and family Poaceae. Brazil is the largest producer of sugarcane, producing 736 million tons in 2014. A large portion of Brazil’s sugarcane crop is used to produce ethanol for gasoline-ethanol (gasohol) fuel blends. The current yield of sugarcane in Brazil is 74 tons per hectare. The second largest producer of sugarcane is India-who produced 352 million tons in 2014-where it is primarily used to produce jaggery, refined sugar, and alcoholic beverages. China is the third leading producer of sugarcane, with a yield of 126 million tons in 2014. Other major sugarcane producing countries are Thailand, Pakistan, Mexico, Colombia, Australia, Indonesia, and the United States (US). The annual production of sugarcane in the US is around 28 million tons, most of which is grown in Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, and Texas (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 2015).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)