Biothermoplastics from soyproteins by steaming

Yiqi Yang, Narendra Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report a novel method of developing thermoplastics from steamed soyproteins with good tensile properties. Soyproteins are generally made thermoplastic by using plasticizers or by chemical modifications. However, soyprotein thermoplastics developed using plasticizers have poor tensile properties when wet and chemical modifications make soyproteins expensive and/or environmentally unfriendly. In this research, soyproteins were steamed at various temperatures and time and the steamed proteins were compression molded into thermoplastic films. The effect of steaming on the molecular weight and thermal behavior and tensile properties of the films at different steaming and compression conditions were studied. Steaming substantially reduced the molecular weights, decreased the melting temperature and increased the melting enthalpy. Thermoplastics developed from steamed soyproteins had good tensile strength (5. MPa) and modulus (193. MPa) but moderate elongation (14.5%). Although glycerol was necessary to improve the thermoplasticity, soyprotein thermoplastics developed in this research required lower glycerol to form thermoplastic films compared to films reported in literature. Steaming of soyproteins shows promise to be an inexpensive and environmentally friendly process to develop biothermoplastics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116-121
Number of pages6
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Moisture
  • Soyproteins
  • Steaming
  • Tensile strength
  • Thermoplastic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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