Blepharoptosis and central nervous system abnormalities in combined valproate and hydantoin embryopathy

James W. Gigantelli, Stephen R. Braddock, Lenworth N. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Scopus citations


Purpose: To report a case of intrauterine anticonvulsant exposure with subsequent ocular adnexal manifestations. Methods: Case report. Results: An 18-month-old child with known anticonvulsant embryopathy was referred for the management of bilateral congenital blepharoptosis. Physical examination confirmed ocular and nonocular external manifestations of valproate and hydantoin embryopathies. Cavum septum pellucidum, mild sulcation defects, and cerebellar atrophy were identified on neuroimaging. Conclusions: To our knowledge, our patient represents the second reported case of anomalous septum pellucidum after intrauterine valproate exposure. Clinicians evaluating patients with craniofacial features associated with intrauterine valproate exposure should recognize that concomitant anomalies of the central nervous system, including the septum pellucidum, might exist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-54
Number of pages3
JournalOphthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology

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