BorderSense: Border patrol through advanced wireless sensor networks

Zhi Sun, Pu Wang, Mehmet C. Vuran, Mznah A. Al-Rodhaan, Abdullah M. Al-Dhelaan, Ian F. Akyildiz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The conventional border patrol systems suffer from intensive human involvement. Recently, unmanned border patrol systems employ high-tech devices, such as unmanned aerial vehicles, unattended ground sensors, and surveillance towers equipped with camera sensors. However, any single technique encounters inextricable problems, such as high false alarm rate and line-of-sight- constraints. There lacks a coherent system that coordinates various technologies to improve the system accuracy. In this paper, the concept of BorderSense, a hybrid wireless sensor network architecture for border patrol systems, is introduced. BorderSense utilizes the most advanced sensor network technologies, including the wireless multimedia sensor networks and the wireless underground sensor networks. The framework to deploy and operate BorderSense is developed. Based on the framework, research challenges and open research issues are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)468-477
Number of pages10
JournalAd Hoc Networks
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2011


  • Border patrol
  • Multimedia sensor networks
  • Underground sensor networks
  • Wireless sensor networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications


Dive into the research topics of 'BorderSense: Border patrol through advanced wireless sensor networks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this