Buthionine sulphoximine-mediated sensitisation of etoposide-resistant human breast cancer MCF7 cells overexpressing the multidrug resistance-associated protein involves increased drug accumulation

E. Schneider, H. Yamazaki, B. K. Sinha, K. H. Cowan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

Preincubation of etoposide-resistant human MCF7 breast cancer cells (MCF7/VP) with buthionine sulphoximine (BSO) resulted in their sensitisation to etoposide and vincristine. Chemosensitisation was accompanied by elevated intracellular drug levels. In contrast, simultaneous exposure to BSO did not result in increased drug accumulation. Similar, but quantitatively smaller, effects were also observed when sensitive wild-type MCF7/WT cells were treated with BSO. In agreement with its effect on drug accumulation, BSO pretreatment also increased VP-16-stimulated cleavable complex formation between DNA topoisomerase II and cellular DNA. BSO treatment also led to a significant increase in acid-precipitable VP-16 levels in MCF7/VP, but not MCF7/WT cells. In contrast, no clear effects of BSO on drug efflux were observed and drug retention was only minimally increased after BSO treatment of both MCF7/WT and MCF7/VP cells and no difference between the two cell lines was detected. Thus, chemosensitisation by BSO appeared to be mediated through increased intracellular drug concentrations and/or protein binding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)738-743
Number of pages6
JournalBritish journal of cancer
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chemosensitisation
  • Drug accumulation
  • MRP
  • Multidrug resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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