C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) in the paraventricular nucleus-mediated renal sympatho-inhibition

Hong Zheng, Tapan A. Patel, Xuefei Liu, Kaushik P. Patel

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1 Scopus citations


Volume reflex produces sympatho-inhibition that is mediated by the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). However, the mechanisms for the sympatho-inhibitory role of the PVN and the neurochemical factors involved remain to be identified. In this study, we proposed C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) as a potential mediator of this sympatho-inhibition within the PVN. Microinjection of CNP (1.0 μg) into the PVN significantly decreased renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) (−25.8% ± 1.8% vs. −3.6% ± 1.5%), mean arterial pressure (−15.0 ± 1.9 vs. −0.1 ± 0.9 mmHg) and heart rate (−23.6 ± 3.5 vs. −0.3 ± 0.9 beats/min) compared with microinjection of vehicle. Picoinjection of CNP significantly decreased the basal discharge of extracellular single-unit recordings in 5/6 (83%) rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM)-projecting PVN neurons and in 6/13 (46%) of the neurons that were not antidromically activated from the RVLM. We also observed that natriuretic peptide receptor type C (NPR-C) was present on the RVLM projecting PVN neurons detected by dual-labeling with retrograde tracer. Prior NPR-C siRNA microinjection into the PVN significantly blunted the decrease in RSNA to CNP microinjections into the PVN. Volume expansion-mediated reduction in RSNA was significantly blunted by prior administration of NPR-C siRNA into the PVN. These results suggest a potential role for CNP within the PVN in regulating RSNA, specifically under physiological conditions of alterations in fluid balance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1162699
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
StatePublished - 2023


  • C-type natriuretic peptide
  • central nervous system
  • paraventricular nucleus
  • renal sympathetic nerve activity
  • volume reflex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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