Camelina: An emerging oilseed platform for advanced biofuels and bio-based materials

Umidjon Iskandarov, Hae Jin Kim, Edgar B. Cahoon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Camelina (Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz) is a Brassicaceae oilseed crop with valuable agronomic and biotechnological attributes that make it an attractive renewable feedstock for biofuels and bio-based materials. Camelina seeds contain 30-40 % oil and can achieve oil yields per hectare that surpass established oilseed crops such as soybean. Camelina is also productive under conditions of limited rainfall and low soil fertility. As a short season, frost tolerant oilseed, Camelina is amenable to double cropping systems and fallow year production. Simple, nonlabor intensive Agrobacterium-based transformation methods have recently been described for Camelina that can be used in combination with breeding to rapidly improve seed quality and agronomic traits to advance Camelina as a production platform for biofuels and industrial feedstocks in geographical regions such as the North American Great Plains that currently have little oilseed production for edible vegetable oils.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPlants and BioEnergy
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages131-140
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781461493297
ISBN (Print)9781461493280
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Bio-based materials
  • Biodiesel
  • Biofuels
  • Camelina
  • Fatty acids
  • Oilseed crop

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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