Cancer Cell Invasion: Treatment and Monitoring Opportunities in Nanomedicine

Omid Veiseh, Forrest M. Kievit, Richard G. Ellenbogen, Miqin Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cell invasion is an intrinsic cellular pathway whereby cells respond to extracellular stimuli to migrate through and modulate the structure of their extracellular matrix (ECM) in order to develop, repair, and protect the body's tissues. In cancer cells this process can become aberrantly regulated and lead to cancer metastasis. This cellular pathway contributes to the vast majority of cancer related fatalities, and therefore has been identified as a critical therapeutic target. Researchers have identified numerous potential molecular therapeutic targets of cancer cell invasion, yet delivery of therapies remains a major hurdle. Nanomedicine is a rapidly emerging technology which may offer a potential solution for tackling cancer metastasis by improving the specificity and potency of therapeutics delivered to invasive cancer cells. In this review we examine the biology of cancer cell invasion, its role in cancer progression and metastasis, molecular targets of cell invasion, and therapeutic inhibitors of cell invasion. We then discuss how the field of nanomedicine can be applied to monitor and treat cancer cell invasion. We aim to provide a perspective on how the advances in cancer biology and the field of nanomedicine can be combined to offer new solutions for treating cancer metastasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)582-596
Number of pages15
JournalAdvanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Volume63
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 18 2011

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Contrast agents
  • Drug delivery
  • Gene therapy
  • Imaging
  • Metastasis
  • Molecular targets
  • Nanoparticles
  • Nanotechnology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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