Carbon dioxide exchange rate and chlorophyll content of turfgrasses treated with flurprimidol or mefluidide

R. E. Gaussoin, B. E. Branham, J. A. Flore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Plant growth regulators (PGRs) are being used increasingly for high maintenance turf production. A greenhouse and growth chamber study was conducted to determine the effect of two PGRs, mefluidide and flurprimidol, on the carbon dioxide exchange rate, chlorophyll content, and specific leaf weight of annual bluegrass and creeping bentgrass. Rate-response and time course studies were conducted. In the rate-response study, increasing flurprimidol rates caused a linear decrease in the carbon dioxide exchange rate (CER). Mefluidide had no effect on the CER in the rate-response experiment but did cause a significant drop in the CER at 4 and 8 days after treatment (DAT) in the time course study. Both PGRs increased chlorophyll content at 16 DAT in the time course study. In the rate-response study, chlorophyll content displayed a quadratic response to an increasing mefluidide rate. The 0.28 kg ha-1 rate of mefluidide increased the chlorophyll content to 46 μg cm-2 from 21.5 μg cm-2 for control plants. Both PGRs increased specific leaf weight, although for flurprimidol the effect was significant only at the 0.1 level of probability. PGRs decreased the CER and increased the chlorophyll content and specific leaf weight for both species tested. The physiologic effects measured were short lived, and so the physiologic significance of these changes is difficult to determine without further research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Plant Growth Regulation
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Agrostis palustris
  • Plant growth regulators
  • Poa annua

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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