Purpose: To determine the activity of carboplatin/ifosfamide in patients with previously untreated osteosarcoma and to estimate patient outcomes after a multiagent chemotherapy protocol that eliminated cisplatin. Patients and Methods: Sixty-nine patients with newly diagnosed, previously untreated osteosarcoma received three cycles of carboplatin (560 mg/m2 × 1) and ifosfamide (2.65 g/m2/d × 3). Assessment of response was evaluated after two (week 6) and three (week 9) chemotherapy cycles. At week 9, histologic response was assessed. Adjuvant therapy comprised two additional carboplatin/ifosfamide cycles, doxorubicin, and high-dose methotrexate. Patients were stratified at enrollment: stratum A, resectable primary tumor without metastases; stratum B, unresectable primary tumor; and stratum C, metastatic disease at diagnosis. Week 6 response was compared with that of a historic group that received only ifosfamide during the initial window evaluation. Results: The clinical and radiographic response rate to three cycles of carboplatin/ifosfamide was 67.7% (95% confidence interval, 55.0% to 78.8%). Compared with the historic population who received only ifosfamide, the combination of carboplatin and ifosfamide reduced the progressive disease rate at week 6 (31.9% v 9%, P = .003). For patients in stratum A, the 3-year event-free survival and survival were 72.3% ± 6.7% and 76.4% ± 6.4%, respectively. Patients who received carboplatin-based therapy had less long-term renal toxicity and ototoxicity. Conclusion: This pilot trial suggests that carboplatin/ifosfamide combination chemotherapy has substantia] antitumor activity. In the context of a multiagent chemotherapy protocol comprising high-dose methotrexate and doxorubicin, we found that the addition of carboplatin/ifosfamide resulted in patient outcomes comparable to trials using cisplatin-based therapy with less long-term toxicity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research