Background: Dobutamine stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance (DS-CMR) is an established tool to assess hibernating myocardium and ischemia. Analysis is typically based on visual assessment with considerable operator dependency. CMR myocardial feature tracking (CMR-FT) is a recently introduced technique for tissue voxel motion tracking on standard steady-state free precession (SSFP) images to derive circumferential and radial myocardial mechanics. We sought to determine the feasibility and reproducibility of CMR-FT for quantitative wall motion assessment during intermediate dose DS-CMR. Methods. 10 healthy subjects were studied at 1.5 Tesla. Myocardial strain parameters were derived from SSFP cine images using dedicated CMR-FT software (Diogenes MRI prototype; Tomtec; Germany). Right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) longitudinal strain (Ell RVand Ell LV) and LV long-axis radial strain (Err LAX) were derived from a 4-chamber view at rest. LV short-axis circumferential strain (Ecc SAX) and Err SAX; LV ejection fraction (EF) and volumes were analyzed at rest and during dobutamine stress (10 and 20 g kg -1 min -1). Results: In all volunteers strain parameters could be derived from the SSFP images at rest and stress. Ecc SAXvalues showed significantly increased contraction with DSMR (rest: -24.1 6.7; 10 g: -32.7 11.4; 20 g: -39.2 15.2; p < 0.05). Err SAXincreased significantly with dobutamine (rest: 19.6 14.6; 10 g: 31.8 20.9; 20 g: 42.4 25.5; p < 0.05). In parallel with these changes; EF increased significantly with dobutamine (rest: 56.9 4.4%; 10 g: 70.7 8.1; 20 g: 76.8 4.6; p < 0.05). Observer variability was best for LV circumferential strain (Ecc SAX) and worst for RV longitudinal strain (Ell RV) as determined by 95% confidence intervals of the difference. Conclusions: CMR-FT reliably detects quantitative wall motion and strain derived from SSFP cine imaging that corresponds to inotropic stimulation. The current implementation may need improvement to reduce observer-induced variance. Within a given CMR lab; this novel technique holds promise of easy and fast quantification of wall mechanics and strain.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine