Caregiver behavior change for child survival and development in low-and middle-income countries: An examination of the evidence

John P. Elder, Willo Pequegnat, Saifuddin Ahmed, Gretchen Bachman, Merry Bullock, Waldemar A. Carlo, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Nathan A. Fox, Sara Harkness, Gillian Huebner, Joan Lombardi, Velma Mc Bride Murry, Allisyn Moran, Maureen Norton, Jennifer Mulik, Will Parks, Helen H. Raikes, Joseph Smyser, Caroline Sugg, Michael Sweat

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


In June of 2012, representatives from more than 80 countries promulgated a Child Survival Call to Action, which called for reducing child mortality to 20 or fewer child deaths per 1,000 live births in every country by 2035. To address the problem of ending preventable child deaths, the U.S. Agency for International Development and the United Nations Children's Fund convened, on June 3-4, 2013, an Evidence Summit on Enhancing Child Survival and Development in Lower-and Middle-Income Countries by Achieving Population-Level Behavior Change. Six evidence review teams were established on different topics related to child survival and healthy development to identify the relevant evidence-based interventions and to prepare reports. This article was developed by the evidence review team responsible for identifying the research literature on caregiver change for child survival and development. This article is organized into childhood developmental periods and cross-cutting issues that affect child survival and healthy early development across all these periods. On the basis of this review, the authors present evidence-based recommendations for programs focused on caregivers to increase child survival and promote healthy development. Last, promising directions for future research to change caregivers' behaviors are given.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-66
Number of pages42
JournalJournal of Health Communication
StatePublished - May 13 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Communication
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Library and Information Sciences


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