Caregiver perceptions of empowerment and self-efficacy following youths’ discharge from residential care

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4 Scopus citations


Residential care is one of the most restrictive out-of-home care settings; however, this is a temporary placement and youth eventually reintegrate into the home and community setting. Reintegration presents many challenges, and aftercare becomes critical for maintaining youth gains and promoting family stability. Aftercare programs and supports should align to individual family needs that entail understanding individual and familial characteristics. Previous studies have explored characteristics related to family functioning, mental health, behavior, and perceptions of need during reintegration; yet little is known regarding how affective characteristics (i.e., self-efficacy, empowerment) factor into reintegration, or the implications this may have for providers. The purpose of this study was to address this gap by exploring empowerment and self-efficacy in caregivers (N = 120) who had a child return home within 1 month of departing residential care. Overall, caregivers reported high levels of empowerment and self-efficacy during the initial transition period. Significant differences for empowerment and self-efficacy were present in characteristics such as race, income, number of children in the home, and free/reduced lunch status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-456
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Family Social Work
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 20 2017


  • Aftercare caregiver empowerment
  • caregiver self-efficacy
  • residential care support
  • services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science


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