Case-orientated approach to the management of hepatocellular adenoma

D. J. Van Der Windt, N. F.M. Kok, S. M. Hussain, P. E. Zondervan, I. P.J. Alwayn, R. A. De Man, J. N.M. Ijzermans

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77 Scopus citations


Background: Treatment of suspected hepatocellular adenoma (HA) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the management of HA at a time when magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) are highly sensitive methods for diagnosing HA. Methods: Between January 2000 and January 2005, data from 48 consecutive women with HA (median age 36 years) were prospectively collected. The protocol for diagnostic work-up consisted of multiphasic MRI or CT. Management was observation if the tumour was smaller than 5 cm and surgical intervention if it was 5 cm or larger. Results: The median follow-up was 24 (range 3-73) months. Sixteen (33 per cent) patients had invasive procedures because of tumour size 5 cm or larger, malignant characteristics or haemorrhage. The remaining 32 patients (67 per cent) were observed; haemorrhage and malignant degeneration did not occur and none of the lesions showed enlargement after withdrawal of oral contraceptives. Multiple HAs were found in 32 (67 per cent) patients; liver steatosis was significantly more common in these patients than in those with a solitary lesion (59 versus 19 per cent; P = 0.008). Conclusion: Observation of adenomas smaller than 5 cm is justified because of improved radiological reliability. Resection should be reserved for patients with malignant tumour characteristics or with single lesions 5 cm or larger.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1495-1502
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Surgery
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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