Case study: Particle velocimetry in a model of Lake Ogallala

David M. Admiraal, John S. Stansbury, Cory J. Haberman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a case study of Lake Ogallala, a reservoir in central Nebraska, large scale particle tracking velocimetry (LSPTV) is used to measure surface velocities in a physical model of the lake. Knowledge of flow patterns in the lake is essential for predicting the transport of dissolved oxygen (DO). A preliminary comparison with acoustic Doppler velocimetery (ADV) measurements shows that both LSPTV and large scale particle image velocimetry (LSPIV) accurately measure surface velocities. In the present study, LSPTV works better near flow boundaries and in regions with high velocity gradients since smaller sampling areas are possible. and unlike LSPIV measurements. LSPTV measurements are unbiased. Discharges measured at eight different transects using LSPTV were within 6% of the discharge measured with an orifice, the worst correlation occurring where the bathymetry was slightly nonuniform (making application of the 1/7 in-power law suspect). In the prototype, DO content periodically drops to unacceptable levels throughout most of the Keystone Basin (a subbasin of Lake Ogallala). Predicted flow patterns suggest that low DO problems are exacerbated in regions with low velocities since oxygen consumed by macrophytes during nighttime hours is not quickly replenished.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)599-607
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
Volume130
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

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