Catheter-Associated Sepsis Caused by Ochrobactrum anthropi: Report of a Case and Review of Related Nonfermentative Bacteria

Theodore J. Cieslak, Merlin L. Robb, Christine J. Drabick, Gerald W. Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ochrobactrum anthropi, formerly known as CDC group Vd, is an oxidase-producing, gramnegative, non-lactose-fermenting bacillus that oxidizes glucose and grows readily on MacConkey agar. Only occasionally isolated from human clinical specimens, this organism has rarely been found to be pathogenic. We describe the first reported case of infection due to O. anthropi in a child, that of bacteremia in a 3-year-old girl undergoing chemotherapy for retinoblastoma. In addition, we review the literature concerning cases of infection due to this and closely related bacterial species, namely Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subspecies xylosoxidans, Agrobacterium ra- diobacter, and “Achromobacter” group B. Finally, we attempt to clarify the confusing history and taxonomy of these organisms as well as make recommendations regarding antimicrobial therapy for infections caused by them.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)902-907
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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