Long-term indwelling central venous catheters have eased the administration of drugs, blood products, and hyperalimentation to patients with cancer. However, their use is associated with thrombotic complications. We report here on the thrombotic complications prospectively observed in 46 patients with refractory lymphoma (22 Hodgkin's disease, 24 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma) who had placement of one or more catheters in preparation for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Thrombosis of 26 catheters in 19 patients was observed. Specific abnormalities of hemostasis were equally common in patients who developed thrombosis and in those who did not. Thrombotic complications were more common in patients with Hodgkin's disease (13/22) than in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (6/24, p = 0.04). Although more patients with Hodgkin's disease had received prior splenectomy and/or irradiation to the area involved by thrombosis than patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, the incidence of splenectomy and irradiation was similar for patients with Hodgkin's disease who developed thrombosis and those who did not. Therefore, although the etiology remains unexplained, patients with Hodgkin's disease undergoing intensive chemotherapy and ASCT appear to have a higher incidence of catheter-related thrombosis than patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma undergoing similar therapy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Bone marrow transplantation|
|State||Published - 1991|
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