Central blood volume and blood pressure in conscious primates

K. G. Cornish, J. P. Gilmore, T. McCulloch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Conscious intact (I) and sinoaortic-denervated monkeys (SAD) were studied to determine the extent to which high-pressure receptors contribute to the maintenance of arterial blood pressure (BP) when venous return is decreased by hemorrhage (H) or lower body negative pressure (LBNP). In the I animals, mean BP did not decrease significantly until 5% of the estimated blood volume (EBV) was removed, whereas, with sinoaortic denervation, mean BP decreased significantly when <2% of EBV was removed. Left atrial pressure (LAP) decreased similarly in both groups of animals. In the I group during LBNP, mean BP did not change significantly, whereas pulse pressure decreased significantly when LBNP was decreased to -5 cmH2O. In the SAD animals, mean BP decreased significantly at an LBNP of -2 cmH2O, and at -5 cmH2O mean BP declined from 134.1 ± 4 to 102.7 ± 7 mmHg. LAP decreased similarly in both groups of animals. The data support the view that a nonhypotensive reduction in venous return unloads arterial baroreceptors sufficiently to activate the arterial baroreflex, probably through reductions in pulse pressure. In addition, low-pressure receptors by themselves do not appear to contribute importantly to blood pressure maintenance when venous return is decreased by either LBNP or a nonhypotensive hemorrhage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23/4
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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