Central pattern generators for orofacial movements and speech

Steven M. Barlow, James P.Lund Radder, Meredith Estep Radder, Arlette Kolta Radder

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Activity of splanchnocranial and orofacial muscles regulates a number of behaviors and plays an important articulatory role in vocalization and speech. This chapter reviews experimental findings on oromotor central pattern generators (CPGs) and associated distributed neural networks in selected animals and humans. These generators control such primary behaviors as respiration, sucking, licking and mastication. A special emphasis is given to features that are relevant for the development and production of speech.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Behavioral Neuroscience
Pages351-369
Number of pages19
EditionC
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Publication series

NameHandbook of Behavioral Neuroscience
NumberC
Volume19
ISSN (Print)1569-7339

Keywords

  • body plan
  • brain
  • entrainment
  • interneurons
  • lick
  • mastication
  • microcircuits
  • neuroimaging
  • neuromodulation
  • plasticity
  • respiration
  • sensory experience
  • suck
  • unit burster

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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  • Cite this

    Barlow, S. M., Radder, J. P. L., Radder, M. E., & Radder, A. K. (2010). Central pattern generators for orofacial movements and speech. In Handbook of Behavioral Neuroscience (C ed., pp. 351-369). (Handbook of Behavioral Neuroscience; Vol. 19, No. C). https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374593-4.00033-4