Central pattern generators for orofacial movements and speech

Steven M. Barlow, James P.Lund Radder, Meredith Estep Radder, Arlette Kolta Radder

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

15 Scopus citations


Activity of splanchnocranial and orofacial muscles regulates a number of behaviors and plays an important articulatory role in vocalization and speech. This chapter reviews experimental findings on oromotor central pattern generators (CPGs) and associated distributed neural networks in selected animals and humans. These generators control such primary behaviors as respiration, sucking, licking and mastication. A special emphasis is given to features that are relevant for the development and production of speech.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Behavioral Neuroscience
Number of pages19
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameHandbook of Behavioral Neuroscience
ISSN (Print)1569-7339


  • body plan
  • brain
  • entrainment
  • interneurons
  • lick
  • mastication
  • microcircuits
  • neuroimaging
  • neuromodulation
  • plasticity
  • respiration
  • sensory experience
  • suck
  • unit burster

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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