Central precocious puberty (CPP) is characterized by the same biochemical and physical features as normally timed puberty but occurs at an abnormally early age. Most cases of CPP are seen in girls, in whom it is usually idiopathic. In contrast, ~50 % of boys with CPP have an identifiable cause. The diagnosis of CPP relies on clinical, biochemical, and radiographic features. Untreated, CPP has the potential to result in early epiphyseal fusion and a significant compromise in adult height. Thus, the main goal of therapy is preservation of height potential. The gold-standard treatment for CPP is gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs (GnRHa). Numerous preparations with a range of delivery systems and durations of action are commercially available. While the outcomes of patients treated for CPP have generally been favorable, more research about the psychological aspects, optimal monitoring, and long-term effects of all forms of GnRHa treatment is needed. Several potential therapeutic alternatives to GnRHa exist and await additional investigation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Pharmacology (medical)