Auditory brainstem responses were measured in 94 children under 24 months of age immediately following treatment for bacterial meningitis. Evidence of peripheral hearing loss (thresholds of 30 dB HLn or greater) was found in 47% of the patients. In addition, 9% had prolonged interwave latencies, indicating the possible presence of retrocochlear pathology. Other clinical data were examined as well. CSF glucose concentration correlated with both the presence and magnitude of hearing loss (as measured by auditory brainstem responses). Magnitude of hearing loss also was associated with the presence of seizures. Although all children recovering from meningitis should be assessed for hearing loss, those who have had low CSF glucose concentrations and seizures appear to be at high risk.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Clinical Neurology