Changes in Ocular Biometric Parameters over a 24-Hour Period in Ocular Hypertensive Patients

Shan Fan, Vikas Gulati, Donna G. Neely, Austin Andersen, Carol B. Toris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To identify 24-h changes in ocular biometric parameters in subjects with ocular hypertension (OHT), and to determine if an intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering drug alters these parameters. Methods: Thirty volunteers with OHT (58.6 ± 9.2 years of age) were enrolled in this randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Participants self-Administered 0.2% brimonidine or placebo 3 times daily for 6 weeks. Measurements of seated and supine IOP, central cornea thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), axial length (AXL), and lens thickness were made at 8 am, 3 pm, 8 pm, and 3 am. Statistical tests were Student's 2-Tailed paired t-Tests or 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by one-way ANOVA and post hoc testing. Results: Time of day had a significant effect on IOP, CCT, ACD, and AXL. In placebo-Treated eyes, CCT was greater at 3 am than at any other time (P < 0.01), ACD and AXL were greater at 3 am and 8 pm than at 3 pm (P < 0.01). Daytime IOPs were higher than nighttime (seated, P = 0.007; supine, P = 0.018), and supine IOP at night was higher than seated IOP during the day (P < 0.001). Brimonidine did not lower IOP at night nor did it alter the 24-h patterns of CCT, ACD, and AXL. Conclusions: Ocular biometric parameters exhibit characteristic 24-h fluctuations in patients with OHT. At night compared with day, the supine IOP increases, the cornea thickens, the anterior chamber deepens, and the AXL increases. Brimonidine does not alter these parameters at times when it lowers IOP (day) nor when it does not (night). Clinical Trial Registration number: NCT0132419.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)489-495
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Issue number7
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022


  • Brimonidine
  • Intraocular pressure
  • Ocular biometrics
  • Ocular hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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