Changes in Patterns of Use of Advanced Therapies Following Emerging Data About Adverse Events in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis From the Veterans Affairs Health System

Stephanie Jeong, Michael D. George, Ted R. Mikuls, Bryant R. England, Brian Sauer, Grant W. Cannon, Joshua F. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether prescribing practices for Janus kinase inhibitors (JAKi), tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi), and non-TNFi biologic agents changed after the results of the Oral Rheumatoid Arthritis Trial (ORAL) Surveillance trial were released in January 2021. Methods: This is a retrospective study in adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receiving advanced therapies within the Veterans Affairs Health System from January 2012 through September 2022. Eligible patients were required to have at least one diagnosis code for RA and to have received a biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug or JAKi. Treatment courses were defined from pharmacy dispensing data and the number of new courses of each advanced therapy was quantified over time. We assessed changes in the use of each therapy before and after the release of safety data (January 2021). Results: A total of 88,253 individual drug courses (in 34,656 unique patients) were included in the study. There was a consistent increase in the number and proportion of new courses of JAKi leading up to January 2021, which was followed by a significant net decrease in JAKi use through September 2022. There was significantly less tofacitinib use after the release of safety data, with a significant difference in the slope of change in use with time. In contrast, whereas TNFi use declined leading up to 2021, its use significantly increased after January 2021. Conclusion: Changes in prescribing in response to new evidence emphasize the impact that safety trials have on prescribing practices. Ongoing study in this area, with attention to specific patient characteristics and risk profiles, will help characterize these changes in practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-567
Number of pages5
JournalACR Open Rheumatology
Volume5
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

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