Changes in Religiosity Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Emerging Adults

Brandi Woodell, Philip Schwadel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Highly religious Americans are relatively likely to oppose lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) rights and many churches are unwelcoming to sexual minorities, which may lead LGB Americans to retreat from religion. To assess this possibility, we investigate trajectories of religious change for sexual minorities and other emerging adults. We use two longitudinal data sources (National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health and the National Study of Youth and Religion) to explore how sexuality predicts the likelihood of decreasing religiosity in emerging adulthood. Results show that three different operationalizations of sexual minority status—attraction, behavior, and identity—are each strongly and consistently associated with disaffiliating from religion and declines in religious service attendance. On the other hand, sexual minority status has inconsistent and relatively small associations with changes in prayer. We conclude by discussing how these results further understanding of religion, sexual identity, and the current generation of emerging adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-396
Number of pages18
JournalJournal for the Scientific Study of Religion
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • LGB
  • attendance
  • disaffiliation
  • prayer
  • religion
  • sexuality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies

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