Chapter 10 - Noninvasive Measurement of Cardiac Output

Samuel Gilliland, Robert H. Thiele, Karsten Bartels

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Since the combination of thermodilution with the balloon-tipped pulmonary arterial catheter by Swan and Ganz in the 1970s, researchers and clinicians have pursued the measurement and optimization of cardiac output to improve outcomes both in the operating room and the intensive care unit. Complications related to the invasiveness of this device have driven exploration of new methods to acquire the same information without the deleterious side effects, with mixed results. We will discuss several of these devices, the physical principles underlying their measurements, their relative accuracy compared to clinical and experimental standards, and clinical advantages and disadvantages of each device.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationModern Monitoring in Anesthesiology and Perioperative Care
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781108610650
ISBN (Print)9781108444910
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • bioimpedance
  • bioreactance
  • Noninvasive cardiac output
  • photoplethysmography
  • pulse contour analysis
  • thermodilution
  • ultrasound-based

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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