Characteristics Associated With Consistent Handwashing and Satisfaction in the Workplace: A Pilot Survey of U.S. Workers

Aurora B. Le, Maria Perez-Patron, Lauren M. Ward, Andrew Comai, Elizabeth L. Beam, Shawn G Gibbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: This study seeks to determine what handwashing facilities are available to workers, predominantly in the manufacturing and service industries, to find out if their workplace has the appropriate resources to conduct proper handwashing and how that affects handwashing satisfaction. Methods: This cross-sectional study surveyed U.S. adult workers (N = 241) on their workplace handwashing equipment and facilities. The associations between demographic characteristics, consistent handwashing, and handwashing satisfaction were evaluated using Fisher’s exact test. Findings: Eighty-eight percent of respondents reported consistent handwashing. Pulling a handle to exit the restroom was negatively associated with handwashing satisfaction (p =.004) and having difficulty with an automatic faucet or dispenser was negatively marginally significant in its association with handwashing consistency (p =.10). Conclusion/Applications to Practice: Greater understanding of the available equipment in workplace restroom facilities and how to improve selection and use of that equipment may improve workers’ handwashing experiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-404
Number of pages6
JournalWorkplace Health and Safety
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • handwashing
  • occupational health
  • restroom facilities
  • workers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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