Pseudomonas aeruginosa ExoS is a type III-secreted type III-secreted, bifunctional protein that causes diverse elects on eukaryotic cell function. The coculture of P. aeruginosa strains expressing ExoS with HL-60 myeloid cells revealed the cell line to be resistant to the toxic elects of ExoS. Differentiation of HL-60 cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (TPA) rendered the cell line sensitive to ExoS. To understand the cellular basis for the alteration in sensitivity, undifferentiated and TPA-differentiated HL-60 cells were compared for differences in bacterial adherence, type III secretion induction, and ExoS translocation. These comparisons found that ExoS was translocated more efficiently in TPA-differentiated HL-60 cells than in undifferentiated cells. The studies support the ability of eukaryotic cells to influence P. aeruginosa TTS at the level of membrane translocation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases