The Escherichia coli fadR gene product, FadR, is a multifunctional regulator of fatty acid metabolism. In this work we have purified FadR by a two-step procedure employing two ion-exchange columns. The amino-terminal sequence of the purified protein confirms the sequence of the protein derived from analysis of the DNA sequence (DiRusso, C. C. (1988) Nucleic Acids Res. 16, 7995-8009) and indicates that the initiating methionine is cleaved from the mature protein. Purified FadR binds to a 326-base pair HaeIII fragment of fadB DNA which carries the fadB promoter. DNase I footprinting localizes the operator to a sequence, 5' ATCTGGTACGACCAGAT 3', at +1 to +17 nucleotides relative to the start of transcription. Using protein-DNA gel retention assays, we estimate the K(eq) of FadR binding to the fadB operator to be approximately 3 x 10-10 M. Binding of FadR is specifically inhibited by long chain fatty acyl-CoA compounds. The apparent K(i) values for oleoyl-CoA, palmitoyl-CoA, and palmitoleoyl-CoA are each 5 nM while that of myristoyl-CoA is 250 nM. Decanoyl-CoA, crotonoyl-CoA, and free fatty acids inhibited binding only at concentrations above 1 μM.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology