Palladium supported on sulfated zirconia (PdSZ) has been characterized by the n-butane isomerization reaction in the presence of hydrogen, X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (DRIFTS) of adsorbed carbon monoxide. Catalyst calcination at 873 K followed by hydrogen reduction at 513 K results in the formation of 30-40 Å Pd metal clusters, but the surface can only weakly adsorb CO, though stronger than Pd-free, sulfated zirconia catalysts. In the presence of hydrogen, PdSZ has a lower n-butane isomerization activity than SZ, and the Pd function cannot stabilize the reaction at low H2/n-butane ratios.
- Palladium on sulfated zirconia
- Palladium promotion
- Solid superacids
- n-Butane isomerization
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology