A high-performance affinity column containing immobilized human serum albumin (HSA) was used to study the binding of thyroxine at the warfarin and indole sites of HSA. Frontal analysis, using R-warfarin and l-tryptophan as probes for these sites, demonstrated that the immobilized HSA had binding behavior equivalent to that observed for HSA in solution. By injecting R-warfarin or l-tryptophan in the presence of excess thyroxine, it was found that thyroxine was binding directly to both types of site. The warfarin and indole sites had relatively strong binding for thyroxine, with association constants at 37°C of 1.4 · 105 and 5.7 · 105 M-1, respectively. The value of δG for these sites ranged from -7 to -8 kcal/mol and had a significant entropy component. The techniques used in this study are not limited to thyroxine-HSA interactions, but should also be valuable in examining the site-specific binding of other drugs and hormones to HSA.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications|
|State||Published - Sep 4 1992|
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