Nineteen plaque-forming viruses of the unicellular, eukaryotic Chlorella-like green alga, strain NC64A, were isolated from various geographic regions in the United States and characterized. Like the previously described virus, PBCV-1, all of the new viruses were large polyhedrons, sensitive to chloroform, and contained large dsDNA genomes of ca. 300 kbp. All of the viral DNAs contained 5-methyldeoxycytidine which varied from 0.1 to 47% of the deoxycytidine. In addition, 10 of the viral DNAs contained N6-methyldeoxyadenosine which varied from 8.1 to 37% of the deoxyadenosine. These viruses, along with 11 previously described viruses which replicate in the same Chlorella host, were grouped into 11 classes based on at least one of the following properties: plaque size, reaction with PBCV-1 antiserum, or the nature and abundance of methylated bases in their genomic DNA.
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