Chemokines network in bone metastasis: Vital regulators of seeding and soiling

Gunjan Sharma, Ramesh Pothuraju, Ranjana Kumari Kanchan, Surinder Kumar Batra, Jawed Akhtar Siddiqui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Chemokines are well equipped with chemo-attractive signals that can regulate cancer cell trafficking to specific organ sites. Currently, updated concepts have revealed the diverse role of chemokines in the biology of cancer initiation and progression. Genomic instabilities and alterations drive tumor heterogeneity, providing more options for the selection and metastatic progression to cancer cells. Tumor heterogeneity and acquired drug resistance are the main obstacles in managing cancer therapy and the primary root cause of metastasis. Studies emphasize that multiple chemokine/receptor axis are involved in cancer cell-mediated organ-specific distant metastasis. One of the persuasive mechanisms for heterogeneity and subsequent events is sturdily interlinked with the crosstalk between chemokines and their receptors on cancer cells and tissue-specific microenvironment. Among different metastatic niches, skeletal metastasis is frequently observed in the late stages of prostate, breast, and lung cancer and significantly reduces the survival of cancer patients. Therefore, it is crucial to elucidate the role of chemokines and their receptors in metastasis and bone remodeling. Here, we review the potential chemokine/receptor axis in tumorigenesis, tumor heterogeneity, metastasis, and vicious cycle in bone microenvironment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSeminars in Cancer Biology
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Bone metastasis
  • Cancer
  • Chemokines
  • Drug resistance
  • Tumor heterogeneity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research


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