Childhood cumulative contextual risk and depression diagnosis among young adults: The mediating roles of adolescent alcohol use and perceived social support

Irina Patwardhan, W. Alex Mason, Jukka Savolainen, Mary B. Chmelka, Jouko Miettunen, Marjo Riitta Järvelin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined associations between cumulative contextual risk in childhood and depression diagnosis in early adulthood, testing two adolescent mediating mechanisms, alcohol use and perceived social support from family and friends, while accounting for the stability of internalizing problems over time and examining possible gender moderation. Multiple group mediation analyses were conducted using parent- and adolescent-report as well as hospital records data from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 (N = 6963). Our analyses demonstrated that the association between cumulative contextual risk in childhood and depression diagnosis in adulthood is mediated by adolescent alcohol use and perceived social support both for boys and girls. The findings highlight potentially malleable mediating mechanisms associated with depression in vulnerable youth that could be targets in selective depression preventive interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-26
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume60
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Adulthood
  • Alcohol use
  • Cumulative contextual risk
  • Depression
  • Gender
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Childhood cumulative contextual risk and depression diagnosis among young adults: The mediating roles of adolescent alcohol use and perceived social support'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this