Chinese Parenting Behaviors, Adolescent School Adjustment, and Problem Behavior

Yan R. Xia, Cixin Wang, Wenzhen Li, Stephan Wilson, Kevin R. Bush, Gary Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The present research examined the relationship between supportive and controlling dimensions of parenting behaviors and Chinese adolescent outcomes (school adjustment and problem behavior). Researchers collected self-report data from 589 adolescents in Hangzhou, China. Results showed the factor structure for the Parent Behavior Measure in the Chinese sample was different from the factor structure based on Western research. Specifically, paternal support did not emerge as a viable factor. Parental monitoring and involvement predicted positive adolescent outcomes, whereas punitiveness and permissiveness predicted negative outcomes. Surprisingly, maternal support predicted more adolescent problem behavior, especially for boys. Guilt induction, love withdrawal, and positive induction did not predict any significant adolescent outcomes when other parenting behaviors were controlled. School adjustment mediated and gender moderated the relationship between parenting and adolescent problem behavior. The importance of considering parenting behaviors, adolescent school adjustment, gender, and cultural norms when examining adolescent problem behavior was discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)489-515
Number of pages27
JournalMarriage and Family Review
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 18 2015


  • Chinese parenting
  • adolescent problem behavior
  • parental support
  • school adjustment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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