Chlamydia trachomatis Slc1 is a type III secretion chaperone that enhances the translocation of its invasion effector substrate TARP

Amanda J. Brinkworth, Denise S. Malcolm, António T. Pedrosa, Katarzyna Roguska, Sevanna Shahbazian, James E. Graham, Richard D. Hayward, Rey A. Carabeo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bacterial type III secretion system (T3SS) chaperones pilot substrates to the export apparatus in a secretion-competent state, and are consequently central to the translocation of effectors into target cells. Chlamydia trachomatis is a genetically intractable obligate intracellular pathogen that utilizes T3SS effectors to trigger its entry into mammalian cells. The only well-characterized T3SS effector is TARP (translocated actin recruitment protein), but its chaperone is unknown. Here we exploited a known structural signature to screen for putative type III secretion chaperones encoded within the C. trachomatis genome. Using bacterial two-hybrid, co-precipitation, cross-linking and size exclusion chromatography we show that Slc1 (SycE-like chaperone 1; CT043) specifically interacts with a 200-amino-acid residue N-terminal region of TARP (TARP 1-200). Slc1 formed homodimers in vitro, as shown in cross-linking and gel filtration experiments. Biochemical analysis of an isolated Slc1-TARP 1-200 complex was consistent with a characteristic 2:1 chaperone-effector stoichiometry. Furthermore, Slc1 was co-immunoprecipitated with TARP from C. trachomatis elementary bodies. Also, coexpression of Slc1 specifically enhanced host cell translocation of TARP by a heterologous Yersinia enterocolitica T3SS. Taken together, we propose Slc1 as a chaperone of the C. trachomatis T3SS effector TARP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-144
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Microbiology
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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