Male Syrian hamsters were fed 0.02, 0.03, or 0.05% cholesterol to test the hypothesis that moderate cholesterol intake increases the cholesteryl ester content of the plasma low-density lipoproteins (LDL). Dietary cholesterol levels of 0.02%-0.05% were chosen to reflect typical human intakes of cholesterol. Hamsters were fed ad libitum a cereal-based diet (modified NIH-07 open formula) for 15 weeks. Increasing dietary cholesterol from 0.02% to 0.05% resulted in significantly increased plasma LDL and high- density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration, increased liver cholesterol concentration, and increased total aorta cholesterol content. The cholesteryl ester content of plasma LDL was determined as the molar ratio of cholesteryl ester to apolipoprotein B and to surface lipid (i.e., phospholipid + free cholesterol). Increasing dietary cholesterol from 0.02% to 0.05% resulted in significantly increased cholesteryl ester content of LDL particles. Furthermore, cholesteryl ester content of LDL was directly associated with increased total aorta cholesterol, whereas a linear relationship between plasma LDL cholesterol concentration and aorta cholesterol was not observed. Thus, the data suggest that LDL cholesteryl ester content may be an important atherogenic feature of plasma LDL.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine|
|State||Published - Jan 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)