Diabetes, characterized by the presence of inherent oxidative stress, may be further complicated by the additional oxidative stress generated due to the metabolism of alcohol. This study focuses on the roles of alcohol and high glucose inducible ADH and CYP2E1, both of which function as ethanol metabolizing enzymes, in promoting oxidative stress and cellular damage under chronic alcohol plus hyperglycemic conditions in VL-17A cells over-expressing ADH and CYP2E1. A specific CYP2E1 inhibitor, diallyl sulfide, proved to be more effective in decreasing the toxicity in VL-17A cells exposed to chronic alcohol plus high glucose than the specific ADH inhibitor pyrazole and the dual ADH and CYP2E1 inhibitor 4-methyl pyrazole. Furthermore, the greatest decrease in several parameters for oxidative stress such as ROS level, lipid peroxidation, protein carbonyl and protein aldehyde adduct formation and apoptosis was observed in the diallyl sulfide plus chronic alcohol plus high glucose treated VL-17A cells. In addition, specific inhibition of CYP2E1 with phenethyl isothiocyanate or CYP2E1 siRNA led to significant restoration of viability, and decrease in oxidative stress and apoptosis. Thus, the inducibility of CYP2E1 with both ethanol and high glucose leads to greater oxidative stress and cellular dysfunction in liver.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis