Chronic Hepatitis B Infection: New Approaches towards Cure

Mojisola Ogunnaike, Srijanee Das, Samiksha S. Raut, Ashrafi Sultana, Mohammad Ullah Nayan, Murali Ganesan, Benson J. Edagwa, Natalia A. Osna, Larisa Y. Poluektova

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection leads to the development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Lifelong treatment with nucleotides/nucleoside antiviral agents is effective at suppressing HBV replication, however, adherence to daily therapy can be challenging. This review discusses recent advances in the development of long-acting formulations for HBV treatment and prevention, which could potentially improve adherence. Promising new compounds that target distinct steps of the virus life cycle are summarized. In addition to treatments that suppress viral replication, curative strategies are focused on the elimination of covalently closed circular DNA and the inactivation of the integrated viral DNA from infected hepatocytes. We highlight promising long-acting antivirals and genome editing strategies for the elimination or deactivation of persistent viral DNA products in development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1208
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2023


  • antivirals
  • chronic hepatitis B
  • gene editing
  • hepatitis B virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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