Chronic mesenteric ischemia: Endovascular versus open revascularization

Prateek K. Gupta, Siobain M. Horan, Kiran K. Turaga, Weldon J. Miller, Iraklis I. Pipinos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To review 20 years of literature on chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI), examining its complex clinical presentation and comparing open and endovascular treatment options. Methods: The PubMed and EBSCOHost electronic databases were queried to identify English-language articles published over the last 20 years. Scrutiny of the retrieved articles identified 1939 patients (mean age 65 years). Of these, 1163 patients underwent open surgery: 714 between 2000 and 2009 and 449 between 1990 and 1999. Of the 776 patients undergoing endovascular repairs, the majority (684) were performed between 2000 and 2009; 92 patients were treated between 1990 and 1999. Data were entered in an electronic database and were pooled for categorical analysis. Results: No major differences were seen among open surgeries or among endovascular surgeries performed when comparing the 2 time periods. On comparing open and endovascular surgeries performed between 2000 and 2009, symptom improvement was 2.4 times more likely after open compared to endovascular surgery (95% CI 1.5 to 3.6, p<0.001). Five-year primary patency and 5-year assisted primary patency were 3.8 (95% CI 2.4 to 5.8, p<0.001) and 6.4 (95% CI 1.3 to 30.1, p=0.02) times greater in the open group. Freedom from symptoms at 5 years was 4.4 times greater for open versus endovascular (95% CI 2.8 to 7.0, p<0.001). The complication rate for open versus endovascular surgery was 3.2 times greater (95% CI 2.5 to 4.2, p<0.001). The difference inmortalitywas not statistically significant (p=0.75). Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that open revascularization surpasses endovascular procedures in long-term vessel patency and control of symptoms. Patients undergoing open procedures do, however, develop increased complications perioperatively. The preferred revascularization approach used in treating this condition should be tailored to the anatomy and physiology of each patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)540-549
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Keywords

  • Angioplasty
  • Chronic mesenteric ischemia
  • Endovascular repair
  • Mesenteric angina
  • Open surgery
  • Outcome analysis
  • Patency
  • Symptom improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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