Ciliary dynein dysfunction caused by chronic alcohol exposure

Michael Price, Fan Yang, Joseph H. Sisson, Maureen Wirschell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


While many genetic defects have been determined to compromise ciliary function, the detrimental effects of alcohol and other environmental factors can also cause ciliary dysfunction-a condition we call an ". acquired ciliopathy." In this chapter, we focus on the impact of alcohol exposure on ciliary function. Alcohol-induced ciliary dysfunction (AICD) occurs with prolonged alcohol consumption and results in compromised lung function, in part, due to loss of airway cilia responsiveness resulting in impaired mucociliary clearance. In particular, we detail the impact of alcohol (ethanol) on the mammalian lung and airway cilia, discussing the effects of both brief and prolonged alcohol exposure. We summarize recent work demonstrating AICD in the model protist, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, and the discovery of specific ciliary targets of alcohol. This chapter concludes with a section discussing new questions, future directions, and potential treatments for AICD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDyneins
Subtitle of host publicationDynein Mechanics, Dysfunction, and Disease: Second Edition
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780128097014
ISBN (Print)9780128094709
StatePublished - 2018


  • Acquired ciliopathy
  • Alcohol
  • Axoneme
  • Cilia
  • Dynein motors
  • Ethanol
  • Flagella
  • Lung
  • Mucociliary clearance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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