Cleavage of vasoactive intestinal peptide at multiple sites by autoantibodies

S. Paul, S. Mei, B. Mody, S. H. Eklund, C. M. Beach, R. J. Massey, F. Hamel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) fragments generated by autoantibodies purified from the blood of two human beings were separated and sequenced. Based on the identity of these fragments, seven peptide bonds cleaved by the antibodies were identified. Six of the seven scissile bonds are clustered in the region of VIP spanning residues 14-22 and were cleaved by antibodies from both human subjects. The seventh scissile bond is located at residues 7-8 and was cleaved by antibodies from one of the subjects. The scissile bonds link amino acid residues with different size, charge, and hydrophobicity. The hydrolytic activity of the antibodies was selective in that they failed to hydrolyze poly-peptides unrelated in sequence to VIP (insulin and atrial natriuretic peptide). These observations demonstrate substrate specific hydrolysis by naturally occurring antibodies and expand the range of peptide bonds hydrolyzed by these antibodies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16128-16134
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number24
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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