Clinical and molecular impact of inhibition of IMP dehydrogenase activity by tiazofurin

George Weber, Yasafumi Yamaji, Edith Olah, Yutaka Natsumeda, Hiremagalur N. Jayaram, Elizabeth Lapis, Weining Zhen, Noemi Prajda, Ronald Hoffman, Guido J. Tricot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The impact of tiazofurin on inhibition of IMP dehydrogenase was discussed at the clinical and molecular levels. 1. 1. Evidence was provided for the role of IMP dehydrogenase and guanylates in the expression of the neoplastic program in cancer cells with particular relevance to human leukemic cells. 2. 2. The argument for expecting an impact of tiazofurin in human myelocytic cells was provided. 3. 3. Similarity of the kinetics of human leukemic cell IMP dehydrogenase to the rat hepatoma enzyme was documented. 4. 4. New evidence was provided for the role of salvage in chemotherapy and the function of hypoxanthine in inhibiting guanine salvage. 5. 5. The action of tiazofurin and retinoic acid was reported in HL-60 leukemic cells. 6. 6. The effect of tiazofurin and retinoic acid on proliferation and cytotoxicity was outlined for hepatoma 3924A cells. 7. 7. The effect of guanine on induced differentiation by tiazofurin and retinoic acid was examined. 8. 8. Biochemical basis was provided for the lack of development of resistance in patients treated with tiazofurin. 9. 9. Presumptive evidence was provided that tiazofurin treatment induced differentiation of leukemic cells in the patients. 10. 10. The molecular biology of tiazofurin-induced differentiation in K-562 cells was reviewed with the possible relevance to clinical treatment that tiazofurin might also act through down-regulation of ras oncogene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-356
Number of pages22
JournalAdvances in Enzyme Regulation
Issue numberC
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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