Objective: This study aims to examine the clinical characteristics of patients with brain metastases (BM) from small-cell esophageal carcinoma (SCEC) and to explore the association of the corresponding factors with overall survival (OS). Methods: The data of 18 patients with brain metastases from SCEC, diagnosed from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2018, in the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The 18 patients who were included in this study accounted for 6.7% of the patients with SCEC diagnosed from 2006 to 2018. Of the 18 patients, 8 (44.4%) were females. For the entire cohort, the median OS was 7 months, the 1-year OS was 22.2%, and the 2-year OS was 0%. For patients who received whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) and for those who did not (13 vs. 5), the median OS was 11.9 and 3 months, respectively, and the 1-year OS was 30.8 and 0%, respectively. When comparing diagnosis-specific Graded Prognostic Assessment (DS-GPA) scores of patients with BM from SCEC ranging from 2.5 to 4 and from 0 to 2, the median OS was 13.1 and 4 months, respectively, and the 1-year OS was 57.1 and 0%, respectively. In the univariable regression, patients who received WBRT had improved OS compared to those who did not (HR = 0.249, p = 0.018), and patients with a DS-GPA score of 2.5–4 were associated with improved OS compared with patients with a DS-GPA score of 0–2 (HR = 0.050, p = 0.005). Conclusion: The incidence of brain metastases in patients with SCEC is low, but the prognosis in those patients is very poor. The DS-GPA score may be a prognostic factor of patients with BM from SCEC. Brain radiotherapy could improve the survival of these patients.
- brain metastases
- brain radiotherapy
- small-cell esophageal carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research