Co-delivery of siAlox15 and sunitinib for reversing the new-onset of type 1 diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice

Yang Peng, Di Wen, Feng Lin, Ram I. Mahato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a chronic autoimmune disease caused by proinflammatory T cell infiltration associated cytokine secretion and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. In this study, our objective was to determine whether co-delivery of sunitinib, a member of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) family, and siRNA against Alox15 (siAlox15) could reverse the new-onset of T1D in non-obese diabetic (NOD)/ShiLtJ female mice which spontaneously develop diabetes. A cationic copolymer methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(2-methyl-2-carboxyl-propylene carbonate-graft-dodecanol-graft-tetraethylenepentamine) (mPEG-b-PCC-g-DC-g-TEPA) was used to encapsulate sunitinib with 8.32-9.39% loading efficacy and form complex with siAlox15 at the N/P ratio of 16:1. These micellar formulations exhibited sustained release of sunitinib for around 50% at 24 h and protected siAlox15 from serum degradation for at least 10 h. Further, both sunitinib and siAlox15 inhibited human peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) proliferation and activation by downregulating the phosphorylation of Akt, platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) at protein levels and Alox15 in mRNA levels, respectively. Besides, siAlox15 treatment reversed the cytokine induced ROS upregulation in rat INS-1E β cells. Finally, systemic administration of these micelles carrying sunitinib and siAlox15 efficiently reversed T1D in NOD mice as indicated by decreased blood glucose concentration to below 250 mg/dL. The mice showed fast response to high glucose which was determined by intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test and promoted serum insulin production. Tissue staining indicated that sunitinib and siAlox15 combination could inhibit T cell infiltration to mouse islets, thereby promoting islet survival and function. In summary, our results demonstrated that combination therapy of sunitinib and siAlox15 could be a novel, reliable and safe approach for patients who were recently diagnosed with T1D.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
StatePublished - Dec 28 2018


  • Alox15
  • Immunotherapy
  • Sunitinib
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • siRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science


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