Coercivity of titanium-substituted high-temperature permanent magnets

J. Zhou, R. Skomski, D. J. Sellmyer

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The temperature dependence of the coercivity of Sm-Co based magnets is investigated by magnetization measurements and model calculations. The Zr-free titanium-substituted Sm-Co material exhibits a positive temperature coefficient dHc/dT of the coercivity (TCC) above room temperature, a reasonable hysteresis-loop shape, and an appreciable coercivity of 12.3 kOe at 500 °C for the nominal composition Sm(Co6.2Cu0.8Ti0.3). The samples were produced by heat-treating the disordered 1:5 alloy commonly referred to as the TbCu7 (or 1: 7) phase. X-ray diffraction analysis shows that, upon annealing at 1165 °C, the starting material segregates into more-or-less stoichiometric 1:5 and 2:17 phases. The TCC is explained by taking into account that two-phase Sm-Co magnets are of the pinning type, that is the coercivity is realized by capturing (or repelling) domain walls at 1:5/2:17 phase boundaries. Starting from a planar-defect approach, the TCC is modeled as a function of the anisotropy constants of the involved phases. The present approach yields a fair agreement between theory and experiment, and explains the existence of a coercivity maximum in terms of the Cu concentration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2518-2520
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number4 I
StatePublished - Jul 2001
Event8th Joint Magnetism and Magnetic Materials -International Magnetic Conference- (MMM-Intermag) - San Antonio, TX, United States
Duration: Jan 7 2001Jan 11 2001


  • Domain wall pinning
  • High-temperature permanent magnets
  • Sm-Co based permanent magnets
  • Temperature dependence of coercivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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