Cognitive impairment and its relationship to psychopathic tendencies in children with emotional and behavioral difficulties

L. Fisher, R. J.R. Blair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

125 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated whether performance on the card playing task (Newman, Patterson, and Kosson, 1987) and the moral/conventional distinction measure predict level of childhood conduct problems as indexed by the Psychopathy Screening Device (Frick and Hare, in press). The card-playing task indexes the child's sensitivity to changes in reinforcement rate. The moral/conventional distinction measure indexes the child's sensitivity to the difference between moral transgressions which result in harm to another from conventional transgressions which more usually result in social disorder. The Psychopathy Screening Device indexes a behavioral syndrome that consists of two dimensions; affective disturbance and impulsive and conduct problems. Thirty-nine children with emotional and behavioral difficulties were presented with both measures. Performance on both measures did predict extent of behavioral disturbance. Moreover, there was a significant association between performance on the card playing tasks and the moral/conventional distinction. The results are interpreted within the response set modulation and violence inhibition mechanism models and by reference to recent work at the anatomical level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-519
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998

Keywords

  • Conduct disorder
  • Empathy
  • Morality
  • Pychopath

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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