Collateral Development and Arteriogenesis in Hindlimbs of Swine After Ligation of Arterial Inflow

Y. Gao, S. Aravind, N. S. Patel, M. A. Fuglestad, J. S. Ungar, C. J. Mietus, S. Li, G. P. Casale, I. I. Pipinos, M. A. Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Development of collateral vasculature is key in compensating for arterial occlusions in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). We aimed to examine the development of collateral pathways after ligation of native vessels in a porcine model of PAD. Methods: Right hindlimb ischemia was induced in domestic swine (n = 11) using two versions of arterial ligation. Version 1 (n = 6) consisted of ligation with division of the right external iliac, profunda femoral, and superficial femoral arteries. Version 2 (n = 5) consisted of the ligation of version 1 with additional ligation with division of the right internal iliac artery. Development of collateral pathways was evaluated with standard angiography before arterial ligation and at termination (30 days later). Relative luminal diameter of the arteries supplying the ischemic right hind limb were determined by two-dimensional angiography. Results: The dominant collateral pathway that developed after version 1 ligation connected the right internal iliac artery to the right profunda femoral and then to the right superficial femoral and popliteal artery. Mean luminal diameter of the right internal iliac artery at termination increased by 38% compared with baseline. Two codominant collateral pathways developed in version 2 ligation: (i) from the left profunda femoral artery to the reconstituted right profunda femoral artery and (ii) from the common internal iliac trunk and the left internal iliac artery to the reconstituted right internal iliac artery, which then supplied the right profunda femoral and then the right superficial femoral and popliteal artery. The mean diameter of the left profunda and the left internal iliac artery increased at termination by 26% and 21%, respectively (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Two versions of hindlimb ischemia induction (right ilio-femoral artery ligation with and without right internal iliac artery ligation) in swine produced differing collateral pathways, along with changes to the diameter of the inflow vessels (i.e., arteriogenesis).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-179
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume249
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Angiography
  • Animal models
  • Arteriogenesis
  • Ischemia
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Porcine
  • Swine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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