Colloidal multiscale porous adhesive (bio)inks facilitate scaffold integration

Azadeh Mostafavi, Mohamadmahdi Samandari, Mehran Karvar, Mahsa Ghovvati, Yori Endo, Indranil Sinha, Nasim Annabi, Ali Tamayol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Poor cellular spreading, proliferation, and infiltration, due to the dense biomaterial networks, have limited the success of most thick hydrogel-based scaffolds for tissue regeneration. Here, inspired by whipped cream production widely used in pastries, hydrogel-based foam bioinks are developed for bioprinting of scaffolds. Upon cross-linking, a multiscale and interconnected porous structure, with pores ranging from few to several hundreds of micrometers, is formed within the printed constructs. The effect of the process parameters on the pore size distribution and mechanical and rheological properties of the bioinks is determined. The developed foam bioinks can be easily printed using both conventional and custom-built handheld bioprinters. In addition, the foam inks are adhesive upon in situ cross-linking and are biocompatible. The subcutaneous implantation of scaffolds formed from the engineered foam bioinks showed their rapid integration and vascularization in comparison with their non-porous hydrogel counterparts. In addition, in vivo application of the foam bioink into the non-healing muscle defect of a murine model of volumetric muscle loss resulted in a significant functional recovery and higher muscle forces at 8 weeks post injury compared with non-treated controls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number041415
JournalApplied Physics Reviews
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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