Combined Treatment with Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 and AMD3100 Improves Motor Outcome in a Murine Model of Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy

Eric S. Peeples, Alicia Dafferner, Jiang Jiang, Elizabeth Lyden, Michael Punsoni, Devendra K. Agrawal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Stem cell transplantation is a promising intervention for neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE); however, universal feasibility and safety have not been thoroughly evaluated. AMD3100 and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) mobilize progenitor cells into peripheral circulation. The objective of this study was to assess the short-term efficacy of inducing endogenous stem cell mobilization after injury in a model of neonatal HIE. Postnatal day 9 CD1 pups received sham surgery or unilateral carotid artery ligation and 30 min of hypoxia followed by saline, AMD3100, IGF1, or both agents. Intraperitoneal injections of 5-ethynyl-2′-deoxy-uridine (EdU) and 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine were used to -label replicating progenitor cells. At P14, animals underwent rotarod testing, and the brains were sectioned for area measurements and immunofluorescence staining. Comparisons were made using one-way analysis of variance. Spearman's rho was calculated to assess correlation between rotarod results and markers of brain injury. Pups treated with both agents had improved rotarod performance (p = 0.02) and increased EdU+ progenitor cells in the subgranular zone (SGZ) compared to injured controls (p = 0.10). An increase in active cells within the SGZ was correlated with improved rotarod performance (r = 0.84, p = 0.04). There were no differences in overall injury score or in brain area or number of activated cells in the subventricular zone between the treatment groups. Combined treatment with AMD3100 and IGF1 shows promise for decreasing brain injury and improving motor function in pups after HIE which correlated with changes in the number of active progenitor cells in the SGZ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDevelopmental Neuroscience
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Asphyxia
  • Neuroprotection
  • Stem cells
  • Subgranular zone
  • Subventricular zone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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