This study explored differences in communication mode and function between survivors of traumatic brain injury (TBI) who rely on natural speech and survivors of TBI who rely on text-to-speech augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices as a primary means of communication. Four adults, ranging in age from 26 to 33 years, were each observed for 2 hours of conversational interaction with peers and/or staff members of a transitional living facility. Results showed that, although AAC users and natural speakers spent equivalent amounts of time in the listening mode, AAC users initiated less conversation, produced fewer questions and comments, and spent substantially more time in message generation than natural speakers. Although the introduction of text-to-speech devices to nonspeaking survivors of TBI can solve many communication problems, professionals must weigh the relative benefits and drawbacks of relying on such systems and encourage the use of multiple communication modes to express a variety of intents.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Journal of Medical Speech-Language Pathology|
|State||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Speech and Hearing